The Pulitzer Prize for History , administered by Columbia University , is one of the seven American Pulitzer Prizes that are annually awarded for Letters, Drama, and Music. It has been presented since 1917 for a distinguished book about the history of the United States . Thus it is one of the original Pulitzers, for the program was inaugurated in 1917 with seven prizes, four of which were awarded that year.  The Pulitzer Prize program has also recognized some historical work with its Biography prize , from 1917, and its General Non-Fiction prize , from 1952.
Fifty years ago, the historian Oscar Handlin described early American immigrants as “uprooted”—poor, dispossessed, dazed and ill-prepared to succeed in urban, industrial America. Damaged goods. Later generations of historians challenged this idea. They mined a treasure-trove of primary sources and discovered that immigrants were often savvy and industrious. It took ambition, drive and a high tolerance for risk to transplant one’s self, whether from the Irish countryside to Liverpool or from Minsk to Philadelphia. They were strivers whose children fought world wars and built great companies. You can see their legacy today in the faces of so many millions of hard-working newcomers.