The law and police administrators indicate the parameters bound to the operation of the police officers, but the initiation of the police subculture specifies their duty and relationship with other police officers, categories of people to interact with, attitude towards the law and police administration. The effects of pressures generated by the subculture of the police leads them to experience a lot of stress in their social, occupational life which leads to burnout, cynicism, retirement and effects on their emotional and physical ailments. Police officers may fail to understand the impacts of these subcultural in the way they act and view things. Police in this case develop resources that will deal with isolation from society. These subcultural aspects that police develop include supportive, attitude, protective, beliefs, understanding, values and insights of the world that result to the definition of the code of silence (Ortmeier & Meese 2009).
This Essay posits that certain structural dynamics, which dominate criminal proceedings, significantly contribute to the admissibility of faulty forensic science in criminal trials. The authors believe that these dynamics are more insidious than questionable individual prosecutorial or judicial behavior in this context. Not only are judges likely to be former prosecutors, prosecutors are “repeat players” in criminal litigation and, as such, routinely support reduced pretrial protections for defendants. Therefore, the authors argue that the significant discrepancies between the civil and criminal pretrial discovery and disclosure rules warrant additional scrutiny and propose the adoption of pretrial civil discovery and disclosure rules in criminal proceedings to halt the flood of faulty forensic evidence routinely admitted against defendants in criminal prosecutions.