Genetic engineering for and against essays

Companies that produce GMOs have far more power to determine how these technologies get used than people around the world who are affected by them. Biotech companies severely restrict the ability of independent scientists to investigate the health and environmental impacts of GMO crops since patent laws give GMO manufacturers the legal power to determine how their seeds get used, both in farming and research. Thus, independent research is often subject to seed company approval. There is also a profound lack of funding available for independent science on the safety and efficacy of GMOs.

In July 2012, the European Medicines Agency recommended approval of a gene therapy treatment for the first time in either Europe or the United States. The treatment used Alipogene tiparvovec (Glybera) to compensate for lipoprotein lipase deficiency , which can cause severe pancreatitis . [96] The recommendation was endorsed by the European Commission in November 2012 [10] [27] [97] [98] and commercial rollout began in late 2014. [99] Alipogene tiparvovec was expected to cost around $ million per treatment in 2012, [100] revised to $1 million in 2015, [101] making it the most expensive medicine in the world at the time. [102] As of 2016, only one person had been treated with drug. [103]

Before the gene is inserted into the target organism it must be combined with other genetic elements. These include a promoter and terminator region, which initiate and end transcription . A selectable marker gene is added, which in most cases confers antibiotic resistance , so researchers can easily determine which cells have been successfully transformed. The gene can also be modified at this stage for better expression or effectiveness. These manipulations are carried out using recombinant DNA techniques, such as restriction digests , ligations and molecular cloning. [51]

GE crops can cross-pollinate related weed species, passing on their ability to survive the application of weed killers. Even without passing on that specific genetic trait, the widespread adoption of GE crops that are resistant to herbicides like Roundup has led to dramatic increases in the use of this weed killer, and weeds have gradually developed resistance to the herbicide. This leads to the evolution of superweeds that are very difficult to control. Already, superweeds have infested 12 million acres in the United States.     F At least 20 weed species worldwide are resistant to Roundup, including aggressive weeds like ragweed, pigweed and waterhemp.     F

Excuse me, but you must not be in a religious position if you believe that this is correct. "You do not mind working in our country"? Well perhaps we do not want you to work in our country if you are morally and spiritually incorrect and will help in the destruction in our country. Genetic mutation is exactly how it sounds. A mutation. It is not a "beautiful creation" or any of that misunderstanding bull. It is a game that scientists play in order to get their little awards. God did not create these things this way. They are what they are for a reason. Ever heard the phrase "science only goes so far and then comes God"? Science can only go so far in its limitations before they hit a brick wall. God created those animals to be the way that He functional them to be, not puppets of scientist.

Genetic engineering for and against essays

genetic engineering for and against essays

GE crops can cross-pollinate related weed species, passing on their ability to survive the application of weed killers. Even without passing on that specific genetic trait, the widespread adoption of GE crops that are resistant to herbicides like Roundup has led to dramatic increases in the use of this weed killer, and weeds have gradually developed resistance to the herbicide. This leads to the evolution of superweeds that are very difficult to control. Already, superweeds have infested 12 million acres in the United States.     F At least 20 weed species worldwide are resistant to Roundup, including aggressive weeds like ragweed, pigweed and waterhemp.     F

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