Erik erikson industry vs inferiority essay



Erik Erikson (15 June 1902 – 12 May 1994) was a Danish-German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on social development of human beings. He used Freud’s work as a starting place to develop a theory about human stage development from birth to death. Unlike Freud’s theory of psychosexual development which places great emphasis on sex however, Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development focuses more on the choices people make and the conflicts they face during different stages of their life.

Outcome:  Erikson's theory differed from many others because it addressed development throughout the entire lifespan, including old age. Older adults need to look back on life and feel a sense of fulfillment. Success at this stage leads to feelings of wisdom, while failure results in regret, bitterness, and despair. At this stage, people reflect back on the events of their lives and take stock. Those who look back on a life they feel was well-lived will feel satisfied and ready to face the end of their lives with a sense of peace. Those who look back and only feel regret will instead feel fearful that their lives will end without accomplishing the things they feel they should have.

1. Give students many models for career choices and other adult roles.

  • Provide models from literature and history.
  • Invite guest speakers to share their occupations.
2. Encourage students to develop interest in many activities.
  • Provide a variety of extra-curricular clubs and activities.
  • Encourage worthwhile hobbies.
3. Help students find assistance in working out personal problems.
  • Provide school counseling services.
  • Refer students to outside services when necessary.
4. Give students a chance to examine some of the choices they must make.
  • Choose lessons which center on career choices.
  • Provide units on changing family life.
5. Check to see if the textbooks and other materials you are using are presenting an honest view of the options open to both females and males and make adjustments when necessary.
  • Are both males and females portrayed in traditional and nontraditional roles at work, at leisure, and at home?
  • What effects are the materials likely to have on the self-images and aspirations of the female students? of the male students?
  • Discuss your findings with the students and ask them to help you find similar biases in other materials.
  • Locate additional materials to fill gaps noticed in the regular materials.
7. Watch for any unintended biases in your own classroom practices.
  • Do you group students by gender for certain activities?
  • Do you tend to call on one gender or the other for certain answers (boys for math and girls for poetry, for example?)
8. Look for ways in which your school may be limiting the options open to male or female students.
  • What advice is given by guidance counselors to students in course selection and career decisions?
  • Is there a good sports program for both boys and girls?
9. Give students realistic feedback about themselves.
  • Point out how students' behavior produces certain consequences.
  • In addition to grading, comment on the strengths and weaknesses in their work.
* Adapted from: Woolfolk & McCune-Nicolich. (1984). Educational psychology for teachers . (2nd Ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Erik erikson industry vs inferiority essay

erik erikson industry vs inferiority essay

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