In the Text of the Article
If you would like to include code in the text of your published manuscript, please submit a separate file with your code exactly as you want it to appear, using Courier New font with a type size of 8 points. We will make an image of each segment of code in your article that exceeds 40 characters in length. (Shorter snippets of code that appear in text will be typeset in Courier New and run in with the rest of the text.) If an appendix contains a mix of code and explanatory text, please submit a file that contains the entire appendix, with the code keyed in 8-point Courier New.
SOCIOLOGY : Steve Penfold , of York University in Toronto, for doing his PhD thesis on the sociology of Canadian donut shops .
REFERENCE: " The social life of donuts: Commodity and community in postwar Canada ," Steven Penfold, York University . thesis, 2002. PHYSICS : Len Fisher [UK and Australia] for calculating the optimal way to dunk a biscuit , and Jean-Marc Vanden-Broeck of the [UK and Belgium], and Joseph Keller [USA] for calculating how to make a teapot spout that does not drip.
REFERENCE: " Physics Takes the Biscuit ", Len Fisher, Nature, 397, no. 6719, February 11, 1999, p. 469.
REFERENCE: " Pouring Flows ," Jean-Marc Vanden‐Broeck and Joseph B. Keller, Physics of Fluids vol. 29, no. 12, 1986, pp. 3958-61. LITERATURE : The British Standards Institution for its six-page specification (BS-6008) of the proper way to make a cup of tea. SCIENCE EDUCATION : The Kansas State Board of Education and the Colorado State Board of Education , for mandating that children should not believe in Darwin 's theory of evolution any more than they believe in Newton 's theory of gravitation , Faraday 's and Maxwell 's theory of electromagnetism , or Pasteur 's theory that germs cause disease . MEDICINE : Dr. Arvid Vatle of Stord, Norway, for carefully collecting, classifying, and contemplating which kinds of containers his patients chose when submitting urine samples. (REFERENCE: "Unyttig om urinprøver," Arvid Vatle, Tidsskift for Den norske laegeforening [The Journal of the Norwegian Medical Association ], no. 8, March 20, 1999 , p. 1178.) CHEMISTRY : Takeshi Makino, president of The Safety Detective Agency in Osaka, Japan, for his involvement with S-Check , an infidelity detection spray that wives can apply to their husbands' underwear. BIOLOGY : Dr. Paul Bosland , director of The Chile Pepper Institute , New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, for breeding a spiceless jalapeno chile pepper . ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION : Hyuk-ho Kwon of Kolon Company of Seoul, Korea, for inventing the self-perfuming business suit . PEACE : Charl Fourie and Michelle Wong of Johannesburg, South Africa, for inventing an automobile burglar alarm consisting of a detection circuit and a flamethrower . (Patent WO/1999/032331, " A Security System for a Vehicle ") MANAGED HEALTH CARE : The late George and Charlotte Blonsky of New York City and San Jose, California, for inventing a device ( US Patent #3,216,423 ) to aid women in giving birth — the woman is strapped onto a circular table, and the table is then rotated at high speed.
The 1998 Ig Nobel Prize Winners The 1998 Ig Nobel Prizes were awarded at the 8th First Annual Ig Nobel Prize Ceremony , at Harvard's Sanders Theatre. The ceremony was webcast live.
Related Association & Society : American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists , American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists , American Osteopathic Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology , American Society Reproductive Medicine , Dubai Health Authority, ), Family Violence Prevention Fund , International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP), National Abortion Federation (NAF), Religious Institute on Sexual Morality, Justice and Healing , American College of Nurse Midwives , National Association of Nurse Practitioners in Women's Health (NPWH), Physicians for Reproductive Health , Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States , National Organization for Women , International Center for Research on Women, Nyanza Reproductive Health Society Kenya ; Nyanza Reproductive Health Society , Kenya ;ASRM - American Society for Reproductive Medicine ; Association for Fertility and Reproductive Health (AFRH) , Nigeria.